Why do we use types?
lots and lots of research on the Myers-Briggs has indicated
that human beings can be grouped into four distinct types of
• 45% of the population seems, rather naturally, to prefer
to be what we call the “Ready Adventurer.”
• 38% prefer to be what we call “The Loyal Caretaker.”
• 10% prefer to be “Authentic Idealists.”
• And 7% prefer to be “Careful Thinkers.”
• Each type of temperament behaves differently in a marriage.
Lots of books
have been written about types since Myers and Briggs first put
forth their pioneering work in 1954. In fact, the Myers-Briggs
Type Indicator is the oldest and most used personality inventory.
The Myers-Briggs types are built on the theories of Carl Jung
who was a contemporary of Sigmund Freud. It was Jung who coined
the words “introvert” and “extravert.”
David Keirsey has done a great deal of work to bring the Myers-Briggs
types into our contemporary world.
The first two
polarities according to Myers and Briggs are Introversion and
Extraversion. Each says a great deal about where an individual
turns to find personal energy.
• An Introvert on the Myers-Briggs turns within to find
• An Extravert on the Myers-Briggs turns to the outside
world to find personal energy.
two polarities according to Myers and Briggs begin to talk about
how we function in the world. Are you a Sensor or an Intuitive?
to Myers and Briggs, a Sensor gathers information through his
or her senses. That is, when a Sensor functions as an informatrion
gatherer, he or she prefers to gather that information through
what is seen, heard, tasted, touched, and smelled.
to Myers and Briggs, an Intuitor gathers information through
his or her intuition. That is, when an Intuitor functions as
an information gatherer, he or she prefers to gather that information
through what is intuited. A sixth sense, as it were, called
“intuition,” is preferred.
The third two
polarities according to Myers and Briggs address another area
of functioning. How do we assess the information we have just
gathered? Do we prefer to use our Thinking function or our Feeling
function to assess the information before us?
• Myers and Briggs noted that some of us do prefer to
primarily use logical analysis to Think our way through the
• Myers and Briggs also noted that some of us prefer to
primarily use our Feelings to work our way through the assessment
The final two
polarities according to Myers and Briggs have to do with our
preferences for action in the world. Some of us are what Myers
and Briggs referred to as Judgers, while others of us prefer
to be Perceivers.
• Myers and Briggs considered Judgers to be those who
preferred to act decisively. Here are the people who prefer
to make a judgment, a decision, to get business wrapped up,
and to move the ball forward.
• On the other pole, according to Myers and Briggs, are
those who prefer to continue to Perceive. For them the preference
is to stay engaged in the information gathering process in order
to consider all the alternatives.
Thus, as you
can see, Myers and Briggs Temperament Types can be combined
into 16 different Types. David Keirsey has grouped them into
four larger categories for reasons that shall be explained in
a moment. Here are the 16 Myers-Briggs Types.
45% of the Population – SP’s
38% of the Population – SJ’s
10% of the Population – NF’s
7% of the Population – NT’s
is something closer to what you are born with than is personality.
speaks of the natural preference that you have developed for
living in the world.
is a learned coping pattern. As you live in the world, with
your temperament, and encounter the experiences of life, you
develop a coping pattern that becomes your personality.
As you bring
your personality into the world you demonstrate your character.
Type Indicator” has been officially owned by Consulting
Psychologist Press for many years. The MBTI is a paper and pencil
inventory that has been researched and refined many times over.
has “tailored tools and resources” for different
types of people who want to save their marriage. That is the
special area of life toward which we are applying our use of
the wonderful work of Myers and Briggs.
of people are different types of spouses.
it make sense to use tailored tools
and resources to fit different types?